CONCEPT OF IPR Intellectual property (IP) refers to a distinct (unique) creation of human brain. Suppose a …

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Intellectual property (IP) refers to a distinct (unique) creation of human brain. Suppose a person has designed a machine which is unique in its application, then this machine is an intellectual property of that person. The unique creation can be anything including artistic and commercial.

Artistic creations: Design, Logo, Sculpture, Poem, Music, Written book, etc.

Commercial creations: Machine, Medicine, Daily use product, Chemicals, etc.

While creating something new (Intellectual Property) one has to put lot of efforts, energy and money to develop it. This creation of human brain if not protected by law then anybody can copy it and reproduce it. If anybody copies the design and reproduces it without the permission of original creator then it is considered illegal.

Legal rights (given by the law) provided by government to the innovator in order to protect his / her unique creation (Intellectual Property) is called as Intellectual Property Rights. To protect the creations and inventions, the concept of Intellectual Property Right came into existence. The intellectual property rights were essentially recognized and accepted all over the world due to some very important reasons. Some of the reasons for accepting these rights are:-a. To provide incentive (encouragement, motivation) to the individual for new creations.
b. Providing due recognition (respect) to the creators and inventors for their unique creation.
c. Ensuring material reward (money) for intellectual property.
d. Ensuring the availability of the genuine and original products.

e. Protection against unfair competition.

The Convention (Conference) Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 1967 gives the following list of subject matter protected by intellectual property rights:-

  • Literary, Artistic and Scientific works (Example: Poem, Written material, Sculpture, Design, Scientific innovation)
  • Performances of Performing Artists, Phonograms, and Broadcasts
  • Inventions in all fields of human endeavor (Example: Any discovery or innovation)
  • Scientific discoveries
  • Industrial designs
  • Trademarks, Service Marks, and Commercial Names and Designations
  • All other rights resulting from intellectual activity in the industrial, scientific, literary or artistic fields.



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